Medical science has been an integral part of Armenian culture for many centuries. Private hospitals were established in Armenia back in the 3rd century. Notice, that the first hospitals were opened in Europe only 300 years later.
Armenians were interested in health and medical issues in early times, but the issues of improving sanitary conditions and medical service were raised only after Eastern Armenia joined Russia.
Bishop Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants had his main important role in the study of the history of Yerevan and surrounding provinces during the first half of the 19th century. He was very much involved in social-religious and scientific activities. The works of Shahkhatunyants have an importance of Source Studies and are widely used not only by Armenians, but by foreign authors as well. With its scientific value stands out his “Signature of the Mother Cathedral of Etchmiadzin and Five Provinces of Ararat” research in two volumes published in Etchmiadzin in 1842. By its structure this research reminds us of “Journey to Armenia”, the significant work of Mesrop Taghiadyan who was another famous author of the same period. Shahkhatunyants checked all the data and information in above mentioned study of M. Taghiadyan, and made valuable additions.
In the history of Yerevan of 20th century the urban planning has been a vital and controversial concept in understanding trends. Socioeconomic development, and the famous Utopian period has emphasized the landscape of the city.
In his master plan, an Armenian prominent architect Alexander Tamanyan made many drastic changes to Yerevan’s landscape, which included adding various new buildings, establishing public parks and green spaces, and transforming the city to fit its title as a Soviet Republic Capital. While creating and developing the master plan of Yerevan, Tamanyan followed famous Ebenezer Howard’s theory of a “garden city” which was popular in the West.
On the material of the presentation at the Yerevan History Museum on October 4th 2014
The article proposes a new hypothesis for the use, dating, construction and situation of an ancient tower (attested in the 17th century and now destroyed) in Yerevan. It is proposed to be a water tower, dating from Zakarian period, built on an Armenian order and situated in the heart of nowadays Yerevan.
Armen Michaelian (historian)
In the famous centers of ancient civilization, Armenian Highlands and the surrounding territories, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Akkad, Egypt and other territories, along with cultural values statuettes and sculptures of idols were uncovered during archaeological excavations. They were strange creatures with the body of a human and without manlike face /rabbit, bird/. They are also engraved on the petroglyphs, archaeological objects, etc. Like in many countries of ancient world the worship of those manlike creatures, idols, was spread in ancient Armenia. There were the statuettes of idols in Armenian pagan temples. They were woman-like and man-like idols with conical base and underlined face. The woman-like idols are thought to embody the idea of woman-mother goddess that symbolizes fertility and maternity. The man-like idols symbolize the idea of impregnation.
This article briefly represents chronology of “Erebuni Yerevan” festival. The fest was first held triumphantly in 1968 when was celebrated 2750 anniversary of capital foundation. Since 1983 it has celebrated yearly and up to 2003 it was called “Erebuni- Yerevan”. In 2004 2009 the fest was renamed “Yerevan Day” and s nee 2010 it has regained its traditional name “Erebuni-Yerevan”.
Every year this fest has its corresponding title.