FROM THE HISTORY OF THE CREATION OF NEWCOMPATRIOTIC DISTRICTS CONSTRUCTED DURINGTHE 1940-1970SS REPATRIATION AND THEIR TOPONYMY

SUMMARY

In Armenia, the first settlements and districts on the principle of compatriotism were founded in the 1920s-1930s (Nor (New) Arabkir, Nor Malatia, Nor Sebastia). In 1946-1948 and thereafter the process continued. On the flat plateau called “Kirza” Nor Zeytun district was erected in 1947. It was later divided between Verin (Upper) and Nerkin (Lower) Zeytuns.

In 1949, by the decision of “Marash” compatriot union of Argentina and with the request of Marash Armenians living in the Diaspora and the Patrimony, the first foundation stones of Nor Marash were laid on the picturesque height of Nork located not far from Yerevan.

Among other districts reminding with their names the Western Armenian reality, Nor Kilikia (New Cilicia) was added in 1948. In 1960s-1970s new settlements and streets were founded in Yerevan with the names of the birthplaces of the repatriates. Nor Kamarak settlement was constructed adjacent to Nor Zeytun. However, the name of the settlement was later fallen into oblivion and only a street was left with the same name.

In overall, the repatriation for Armenia was of great significance; the demographic situation in the republic improved, the toponymy reminding Western Armenia and the Western Armenian grew rapidly reality along with the toponyms of Eastern Armenia, which became an inseparable part of both the life and worldview of capital Yerevan and the Armenian society.

Lusine Amirjanyan
Yerevan History Museum
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