When, why as a result of what historical changes did the centre of Yerevan have to be moved from Erebuni – Arinberd

Institute of Oriental Studies of the RA NAS

The problem of modern historiography is to find the answer to the question: when, why as a result of what historical changes did the centre of Yerevan have to be moved from Erebuni – Arinberd to the present-day centre? The answers are certainly to be found-at least to dispel the “doubts” of Azerbaijani and Turkish historians that Erebuni and subsequent Yerevan (the surroundings of Yerevan fortress) are not the same cities. Currently it can be noted that according to our analysis of the whole materials, the unique Yerevan fortress (Arinberd-Erebon fortress founded by the order of the powerful King of BiainiliArgishti I in 782 BC 4 km away from Erebuni) being located on the bank of the Hrazdan canyon was protected only from its western sideand it could have been built at the end of the 6th century BC as a result of the second division of Armenia between Sassanid Iran and Byzantine.

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age

Hakob Simonyan

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age in the Armenian Highland – Shengavit site is situated in Yerevan. It occupied an area of more than 6 hectares. Shengavit was founded in the IV millennium BC, and it continued to function over a thousand years. The excavations carried out in 1936-1938, 1958-1983, 2000-2012 (headed by E. Bayburtyan, S. Sardaryan, H. Simonyan and M. Rothman) shed light on several questions concerning the archaeological site: Architecture, Beliefs, Art, Applied Arts, dating and other spheres.

The main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country

Khald is the main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country. He is the God of life, vegetation, farming, war and construction. By Khald’s name were sanctified construction works and military crusades of Ararat-Urartu kings. It could be noticed that Khald was a sponsor of various phenomena which often had their own deities. Different deities were united in Khald God’s cult with the purpose of completion of it. Characteristic features of Khald are similar to features of Haya-Enki God known from Shumer-Aqadian written sources. Thus, according to Shumer poem “Enki and Universe Creation” Enki –Haya(after the mankind creation)travelled a lot and taught people to adapt and live in Mother Country.

“Mshak” newspaper about Yerevan

Armenian periodicals have bicentennial history. Thousands of newsletters, newspapers and other periodicals, being published in and outside our country as well as in various countries, in native and foreign languages, served to throw light on the Armenian people’s history, their past and present and to solve their problems. As fate willed it, the major part of them were published outside the country, in different Armenian colonies, and the first one was “Azdarar”, being published from 1794 to 1796, in the city of Madras, India.

From the history of Yerevan city expansion

History of Dalma’s four former villages, which are currently part of Malatia-Sebastia, Ajapnyak and Davitashen administrative districts of Yerevan – Davitashen (First village), Anastasavan (Second village), Silikyan (Third village, then Spandaryan), Haghtanak (Fourth village) is an important part of history of the Capital.

Museum – Patriotic Wednesday Education

One of the great Armenians Garegin Nzhdeh said, “Homeland lives with patriotism and is destroyed because of its lack”.

The concept of patriotism is in close connection with the history of its country as homeland is not only the modern period of the country but also its history, culture, its past, present as well as future.

The City of Yerevan as a New Platform for the Development of Modern Armenian Painting (1960-1980)

1960-1980s of the 20th century are considered to be substantive and bright stage in the modern history of Armenian fine art. New political situation contributed to the advance of culture’s various fields. This uplift was the consequence of “Khruschev’s thaw” that brought to specific changes. In its turn, Yerevan as the capital developed in a new way, for a short time gaining a new trait.

Yerevan in the first half of the 19th century, according to Bishop Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants

Bishop Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants had his main important role in the study of the history of Yerevan and surrounding provinces during the first half of the 19th century. He was very much involved in social-religious and scientific activities. The works of Shahkhatunyants have an importance of Source Studies and are widely used not only by Armenians, but by foreign authors as well. With its scientific value stands out his “Signature of the Mother Cathedral of Etchmiadzin and Five Provinces of Ararat” research in two volumes published in Etchmiadzin in 1842.

Yerevan in the context of the city-park

In the history of Yerevan of 20th century the urban planning has been a vital and controversial concept in understanding trends. Socioeconomic development, and the famous Utopian period has emphasized the landscape of the city.
In his master plan, an Armenian prominent architect Alexander Tamanyan made many drastic changes to Yerevan’s landscape, which included adding various new buildings, establishing public parks and green spaces, and transforming the city to fit its title as a Soviet Republic Capital. While creating and developing the master plan of Yerevan, Tamanyan followed famous Ebenezer Howard’s theory of a “garden city” which was popular in the West.

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