Articles

ON THE TIME OF CONSTRUCTION OF YEREVAN FORTRESS AND KOZERN-KOND PRESUMED CASTLE

ALEKSAN HAKOBYAN
Institute of Oriental Studies of the RA NAS

SHENGAVIT – ANCIENT SETTLEMENT OF YEREVAN

Hakob Simonyan

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age in the Armenian Highland – Shengavit site is situated in Yerevan. It occupied an area of more than 6 hectares. Shengavit was founded in the IV millennium BC, and it continued to function over a thousand years. The excavations carried out in 1936-1938, 1958-1983, 2000-2012 (headed by E. Bayburtyan, S. Sardaryan, H. Simonyan and M. Rothman) shed light on several questions concerning the archaeological site: Architecture, Beliefs, Art, Applied Arts, dating and other spheres.

ABOUT THE NAMES AND CULTS OF GODS HAYA AND KHALDI

Khald is the main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country. He is the God of life, vegetation, farming, war and construction. By Khald’s name were sanctified construction works and military crusades of Ararat-Urartu kings. It could be noticed that Khald was a sponsor of various phenomena which often had their own deities. Different deities were united in Khald God’s cult with the purpose of completion of it. Characteristic features of Khald are similar to features of Haya-Enki God known from Shumer-Aqadian written sources. Thus, according to Shumer poem “Enki and Universe Creation” Enki –Haya(after the mankind creation)travelled a lot and taught people to adapt and live in Mother Country.

Newspaper “Mshak” about Yerevan

Armenian periodicals have bicentennial history. Thousands of newsletters, newspapers and other periodicals, being published in and outside our country as well as in various countries, in native and foreign languages, served to throw light on the Armenian people’s history, their past and present and to solve their problems. As fate willed it, the major part of them were published outside the country, in different Armenian colonies, and the first one was “Azdarar”, being published from 1794 to 1796, in the city of Madras, India.

From the history of expansion of Yerevan: establishment of four villages of Dalma (1939-1940)

History of Dalma’s four former villages, which are currently part of Malatia-Sebastia, Ajapnyak and Davitashen administrative districts of Yerevan – Davitashen (First village), Anastasavan (Second village), Silikyan (Third village, then Spandaryan), Haghtanak (Fourth village) is an important part of history of the Capital.

Museum as a sphere of patriotic upbringing

One of the great Armenians Garegin Nzhdeh said, “Homeland lives with patriotism and is destroyed because of its lack”.

YEREVAN AS A NEW PLATFORM OF DEVELOPMENT FOR ARMENIAN MODERN FINE ART IN 1960-1980s

1960-1980s of the 20th century are considered to be substantive and bright stage in the modern history of Armenian fine art. New political situation contributed to the advance of culture’s various fields. This uplift was the consequence of “Khruschev’s thaw” that brought to specific changes. In its turn, Yerevan as the capital developed in a new way, for a short time gaining a new trait.

YEREVAN DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY ACCORDING TO BISHOP HOVHANNES SHAHKHATUNYANTS

Bishop Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants had his main important role in the study of the history of Yerevan and surrounding provinces during the first half of the 19th century. He was very much involved in social-religious and scientific activities. The works of Shahkhatunyants have an importance of Source Studies and are widely used not only by Armenians, but by foreign authors as well. With its scientific value stands out his “Signature of the Mother Cathedral of Etchmiadzin and Five Provinces of Ararat” research in two volumes published in Etchmiadzin in 1842.

Yerevan in « Garden City» Context

In the history of Yerevan of 20th century the urban planning has been a vital and controversial concept in understanding trends. Socioeconomic development, and the famous Utopian period has emphasized the landscape of the city.
In his master plan, an Armenian prominent architect Alexander Tamanyan made many drastic changes to Yerevan’s landscape, which included adding various new buildings, establishing public parks and green spaces, and transforming the city to fit its title as a Soviet Republic Capital. While creating and developing the master plan of Yerevan, Tamanyan followed famous Ebenezer Howard’s theory of a “garden city” which was popular in the West.

The Secret of the Mysterious Tower of Yerevan

Summary
On the material of the presentation at the Yerevan History Museum on October 4th 2014
The article proposes a new hypothesis for the use, dating, construction and situation of an ancient tower (attested in the 17th century and now destroyed) in Yerevan. It is proposed to be a water tower, dating from Zakarian period, built on an Armenian order and situated in the heart of nowadays Yerevan.

About the Worship of Idols /Cosmic Creatures/

Summary
In the famous centers of ancient civilization, Armenian Highlands and the surrounding territories, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Akkad, Egypt and other territories, along with cultural values statuettes and sculptures of idols were uncovered during archaeological excavations. They were strange creatures with the body of a human and without manlike face /rabbit, bird/. They are also engraved on the petroglyphs, archaeological objects, etc. Like in many countries of ancient world the worship of those manlike creatures, idols, was spread in ancient Armenia. There were the statuettes of idols in Armenian pagan temples. They were woman-like and man-like idols with conical base and underlined face. The woman-like idols are thought to embody the idea of woman-mother goddess that symbolizes fertility and maternity. The man-like idols symbolize the idea of impregnation.

Chronology of Erebuni-Yerevan Festival

This article briefly represents chronology of “Erebuni Yerevan” festival. The fest was first held triumphantly in 1968 when was celebrated 2750 anniversary of capital foundation. Since 1983 it has celebrated yearly and up to 2003 it was called “Erebuni- Yerevan”. In 2004 2009 the fest was renamed “Yerevan Day” and s nee 2010 it has regained its traditional name “Erebuni-Yerevan”.

Ritual and festive pastry in Yerevan (19-20 century)

Svetlana Poghosyan
Candidate of historical science,
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography

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