Articles

YEREVAN WITH NANSEN’S EYES

SUMMARY

Great humanist of the 20th century, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Fridtjof Nansen visited Armenia in 1925. As a result of this trip a valuable book entitled ,,Cheated Nation’’ was written and dedicated to Armenia, it’s history and culture. The book has been translated into several languages. There are interesting memoirs in this book about Nansen’s visit to Yerevan.

URARTIAN MOTIVES IN ARMENIAN DECORATIVE-APPLIEDARTS OF THE SECOND HALF XXCENTURYAND THEBEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY (METAL WORK AND CARPET WEAVING ART)

Archeological excavations done by academic Piotrovsky from 1930 in Karmir-Blur and later by K.Hovhannisyan from1952 to 1970in ArinBerd (Erebuni) openedthe first chapters of Armenian history and culture for the humanity, the kingdom of Urartu. Excellent items of decorative arts, such us products from gold, bronze and clay were preserved from that ancient time.

FROM THE HISTORY OF THE CREATION OF NEWCOMPATRIOTIC DISTRICTS CONSTRUCTED DURINGTHE 1940-1970SS REPATRIATION AND THEIR TOPONYMY

SUMMARY

In Armenia, the first settlements and districts on the principle of compatriotism were founded in the 1920s-1930s (Nor (New) Arabkir, Nor Malatia, Nor Sebastia). In 1946-1948 and thereafter the process continued. On the flat plateau called “Kirza” Nor Zeytun district was erected in 1947. It was later divided between Verin (Upper) and Nerkin (Lower) Zeytuns.

SUMMARY ON SOME ORNAMENTS OF CERAMICIN SHENGAVIT SETTLEMENT

Ornament belts are of paramount importance in the ornament-motif- system of Kura-Araxs Ceramics. It is worth to mention that the various motifs of ornaments and methods for making them do really make these ornament belts special.

When, why as a result of what historical changes did the centre of Yerevan have to be moved from Erebuni – Arinberd

ALEKSAN HAKOBYAN
Institute of Oriental Studies of the RA NAS

The problem of modern historiography is to find the answer to the question: when, why as a result of what historical changes did the centre of Yerevan have to be moved from Erebuni – Arinberd to the present-day centre? The answers are certainly to be found-at least to dispel the “doubts” of Azerbaijani and Turkish historians that Erebuni and subsequent Yerevan (the surroundings of Yerevan fortress) are not the same cities. Currently it can be noted that according to our analysis of the whole materials, the unique Yerevan fortress (Arinberd-Erebon fortress founded by the order of the powerful King of BiainiliArgishti I in 782 BC 4 km away from Erebuni) being located on the bank of the Hrazdan canyon was protected only from its western sideand it could have been built at the end of the 6th century BC as a result of the second division of Armenia between Sassanid Iran and Byzantine.

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age

Hakob Simonyan

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age in the Armenian Highland – Shengavit site is situated in Yerevan. It occupied an area of more than 6 hectares. Shengavit was founded in the IV millennium BC, and it continued to function over a thousand years. The excavations carried out in 1936-1938, 1958-1983, 2000-2012 (headed by E. Bayburtyan, S. Sardaryan, H. Simonyan and M. Rothman) shed light on several questions concerning the archaeological site: Architecture, Beliefs, Art, Applied Arts, dating and other spheres.

The main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country

Khald is the main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country. He is the God of life, vegetation, farming, war and construction. By Khald’s name were sanctified construction works and military crusades of Ararat-Urartu kings. It could be noticed that Khald was a sponsor of various phenomena which often had their own deities. Different deities were united in Khald God’s cult with the purpose of completion of it. Characteristic features of Khald are similar to features of Haya-Enki God known from Shumer-Aqadian written sources. Thus, according to Shumer poem “Enki and Universe Creation” Enki –Haya(after the mankind creation)travelled a lot and taught people to adapt and live in Mother Country.

“Mshak” newspaper about Yerevan

Armenian periodicals have bicentennial history. Thousands of newsletters, newspapers and other periodicals, being published in and outside our country as well as in various countries, in native and foreign languages, served to throw light on the Armenian people’s history, their past and present and to solve their problems. As fate willed it, the major part of them were published outside the country, in different Armenian colonies, and the first one was “Azdarar”, being published from 1794 to 1796, in the city of Madras, India.

From the history of Yerevan city expansion

History of Dalma’s four former villages, which are currently part of Malatia-Sebastia, Ajapnyak and Davitashen administrative districts of Yerevan – Davitashen (First village), Anastasavan (Second village), Silikyan (Third village, then Spandaryan), Haghtanak (Fourth village) is an important part of history of the Capital.

Museum – Patriotic Wednesday Education

One of the great Armenians Garegin Nzhdeh said, “Homeland lives with patriotism and is destroyed because of its lack”.

The concept of patriotism is in close connection with the history of its country as homeland is not only the modern period of the country but also its history, culture, its past, present as well as future.

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