Articles

YEREVAN AS A NEW PLATFORM OF DEVELOPMENT FOR ARMENIAN MODERN FINE ART IN 1960-1980s

HasmikBarkhudaryan

1960-1980s of the 20th century are considered to be substantive and bright stage in the modern history of Armenian fine art. New political situation contributed to the advance of culture’s various fields. This uplift was the consequence of “Khruschev’s thaw” that brought to specific changes. In its turn, Yerevan as the capital developed in a new way, for a short time gaining a new trait. Yerevan gained a new breath, activated its social-cultural life. In these years Yerevan became a new, more independent platform for modern fine art development. In Yerevan one after another were erected sculptures, opened exhibitions, museums, studios and the top of it was the foundation of Modern Art Museum in 1972 by art critic H. Igityan.

YEREVAN DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY ACCORDING TO BISHOP HOVHANNES SHAHKHATUNYANTS

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Bishop Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants had his main important role in the study of the history of Yerevan and surrounding provinces during the first half of the 19th century. He was very much involved in social-religious and scientific activities. The works of Shahkhatunyants have an importance of Source Studies and are widely used not only by Armenians, but by foreign authors as well. With its scientific value stands out his “Signature of the Mother Cathedral of Etchmiadzin and Five Provinces of Ararat” research in two volumes published in Etchmiadzin in 1842. By its structure this research reminds us of “Journey to Armenia”, the significant work of Mesrop Taghiadyan who was another famous author of the same period. Shahkhatunyants checked all the data and information in above mentioned study of M. Taghiadyan, and made valuable additions.

Yerevan in « Garden City» Context

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In the history of Yerevan of 20th century the urban planning has been a vital and controversial concept in understanding trends. Socioeconomic development, and the famous Utopian period has emphasized the landscape of the city.
In his master plan, an Armenian prominent architect Alexander Tamanyan made many drastic changes to Yerevan’s landscape, which included adding various new buildings, establishing public parks and green spaces, and transforming the city to fit its title as a Soviet Republic Capital. While creating and developing the master plan of Yerevan, Tamanyan followed famous Ebenezer Howard’s theory of a “garden city” which was popular in the West.

The Secret of the Mysterious Tower of Yerevan

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Summary
On the material of the presentation at the Yerevan History Museum on October 4th 2014
The article proposes a new hypothesis for the use, dating, construction and situation of an ancient tower (attested in the 17th century and now destroyed) in Yerevan. It is proposed to be a water tower, dating from Zakarian period, built on an Armenian order and situated in the heart of nowadays Yerevan.

Armen Michaelian (historian)

About the Worship of Idols /Cosmic Creatures/

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Summary
In the famous centers of ancient civilization, Armenian Highlands and the surrounding territories, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Akkad, Egypt and other territories, along with cultural values statuettes and sculptures of idols were uncovered during archaeological excavations. They were strange creatures with the body of a human and without manlike face /rabbit, bird/. They are also engraved on the petroglyphs, archaeological objects, etc. Like in many countries of ancient world the worship of those manlike creatures, idols, was spread in ancient Armenia. There were the statuettes of idols in Armenian pagan temples. They were woman-like and man-like idols with conical base and underlined face. The woman-like idols are thought to embody the idea of woman-mother goddess that symbolizes fertility and maternity. The man-like idols symbolize the idea of impregnation.

Chronology of Erebuni-Yerevan Festival

11102014

This article briefly represents chronology of “Erebuni Yerevan” festival. The fest was first held triumphantly in 1968 when was celebrated 2750 anniversary of capital foundation. Since 1983 it has celebrated yearly and up to 2003 it was called “Erebuni- Yerevan”. In 2004 2009 the fest was renamed “Yerevan Day” and s nee 2010 it has regained its traditional name “Erebuni-Yerevan”.

Every year this fest has its corresponding title.

Ritual and festive pastry in Yerevan

SvetlanaPogosyan

(19-20 century)

Svetlana Poghosyan
Candidate of historical science,
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography

 

The system of traditional food comprised of everyday and ritual and festive dishes. Holidays were accompanied by ritual feasts. Dessert included sweets, nuts, dried fruit, fruit served after dinner. Dessert had various names in Armenian and their meanings are explained in the Dictionary of synonyms, Yerevan 2003, p.19 by A. Sukiasyan; in Explanatory dictionary by Mart. Harutyunyants, Alexandropol, 1912,p.213.

The mental image of Northern avenue in the context of complete image of the city of Yerevan

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The aim of this work is to present a project included in the General Plan of Yerevan as far back as in 1924 – Northern avenue, its ideological and practical birth. This theme is actual as Northern avenue was built and is being built nowadays in the center of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. The purpose of the research is to study the mental image of Northern avenue in the context of complete image of the city of Yerevan, its significance in the life of the population and their conception of Yerevan, and what social consequences it has had.

An attempt of up-to-date interpretation of the history of Yerevan fortress

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Being one of the most ancient settlements in the world Yerevan had numerous fortresses and castles. Each of them, appearing within a certain period concealed inside itself and brought to us the past episodes of the history of the city…

Demographic processes in Yerevan at the beginning of the 21st century

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The socio-economical and political changes taken place in the Republic of Armenia (hereinafter RA) in the last decade of the 20th century had significant impact on the demographic picture of Yerevan: the population decreased, the ethnic, linguistic, religious composition of the population underwent some change and so on. As a result of such changes the present demographic characteristic of Yerevan has significant peculiarities in comparison with Yerevan in the Soviet period.

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