“Yerevan-5”

SHENGAVIT – ANCIENT SETTLEMENT OF YEREVAN

Hakob Simonyan

One of the pivotal monuments of the Early Bronze Age in the Armenian Highland – Shengavit site is situated in Yerevan. It occupied an area of more than 6 hectares. Shengavit was founded in the IV millennium BC, and it continued to function over a thousand years. The excavations carried out in 1936-1938, 1958-1983, 2000-2012 (headed by E. Bayburtyan, S. Sardaryan, H. Simonyan and M. Rothman) shed light on several questions concerning the archaeological site: Architecture, Beliefs, Art, Applied Arts, dating and other spheres.

ABOUT THE NAMES AND CULTS OF GODS HAYA AND KHALDI

Khald is the main God of Ararat-Urartu mythology of Armenian country. He is the God of life, vegetation, farming, war and construction. By Khald’s name were sanctified construction works and military crusades of Ararat-Urartu kings. It could be noticed that Khald was a sponsor of various phenomena which often had their own deities. Different deities were united in Khald God’s cult with the purpose of completion of it. Characteristic features of Khald are similar to features of Haya-Enki God known from Shumer-Aqadian written sources. Thus, according to Shumer poem “Enki and Universe Creation” Enki –Haya(after the mankind creation)travelled a lot and taught people to adapt and live in Mother Country.

Newspaper “Mshak” about Yerevan

Armenian periodicals have bicentennial history. Thousands of newsletters, newspapers and other periodicals, being published in and outside our country as well as in various countries, in native and foreign languages, served to throw light on the Armenian people’s history, their past and present and to solve their problems. As fate willed it, the major part of them were published outside the country, in different Armenian colonies, and the first one was “Azdarar”, being published from 1794 to 1796, in the city of Madras, India.

PLACES OF ENTERTAINMENT OF OLD AND NEW YEREVAN

(taverns, inns, cafes, restaurants) from the point of view of tourism

This article presents the most interesting and less statistically significant topics in Yerevan: the places of entertainment of old and new Yerevan (taverns, inns, cafes, restaurants). All they are represent from the tourism point of view.

If during the previous centuries the everyday life in Yerevan was booming in the squares or in the adjacent territories and darkness with mysterious silence took place in the streets, in the middle of the 20th century the situation has changed, and even late at night streets of Yerevan were crowded.

International symposium dedicated to 2800th anniversary of Yerevan foundation

The symposium dedicated to the 2800th anniversary of Yerevan foundation started in Yerevan History Museum. The symposium was organized by joint efforts of Yerevan History Museum, Institute of History of the R National Academy of Sciences and Yerevan State University.

Yerevan Deputy Mayor ram Sukiasyan, the director of Yerevan History Museum Armine Sargsyan, the director of the RA NAS Institute of History, the Dean of YSU Faculty of History Edik Minasyan, scientists, historians, guests were present at the ceremony of opening.